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Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is located in Northern Europe in the north-eastern part of the Baltic Sea region. Area of Tallinn - 159,2 km² (Estonia 45 227 km²).
The climate in Tallinn is characterized by a fairly cold winter, a cool spring with little precipitation, a moderately warm summer and a long and rainy autumn. However, some summers have weeks at a stretch of temperatures around +30°C, and a warm, sunny summer can keep autumn at bay until mid-October.
Average temperature in July +16,7°C
Average temperature in February -4°C
Weather forecast in the Internet: www.weather.ee/tallinn
Estonia is in the Eastern European Time Zone: GMT + 2 hours. In summer: GMT + 3 hours. - During the conference we are at the Time Zone +3 hours.
Population: 1.340 million (Source: Population Register)
Population density: 31 inhabitants per square km
The proportion of urban population: 68% (2011)
The proportion of rural population: 32% (2011)
The birth rate in 2011 was 11.0 per 1000 residents while the mortality rate reached 11.4 per 1000 residents.
Largest ethnic groups (2011): Estonians (69%), Russians (26%), Ukrainians (2%), Belarussians (1%) and Finns (1%)
The official language is Estonian, which belongs to the Finno-Ugric language family and is closely related to Finnish. Along with Finnish, English, Russian and German are also widely spoken and understood.
Since the Reformation movement in the 16th century, the Lutheran church has played the leading role in Estonia. Other larger active confessions are Russian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Baptist, Methodist and Roman Catholic.
As of 21 December 2007, Estonia is a part of the Schengen visa area. Nationals of EU and EEA member states are free to enter Estonia. The required travel document for entry is a national ID card or passport.
Nationals of the following countries do not need visa to enter Estonia, and can stay for up to 90 days in any 6-month period: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Holy See, Honduras, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Macao, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, San Marino, Singapore, South Korea, USA, Uruguay, Venezuela. The required travel document for entry is a valid passport.
Citizens of countries NOT mentioned above require a visa to enter Estonia. Visitors arriving in Estonia with visa must have national passports valid at least 3 months after their planned departure from Estonia.
Children aged 7 to 15 years must have their own passport when travelling to Estonia or, if they are registered in their parent's passport, must have their photo next to the name. Children under 7 years need not have a photo if they are registered in their parents' passports. Persons above 15 years must have a separate travel document with photo. For more specific information, please contact the nearest Estonian consulate or embassy, or check the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affair's website
Foreign Representations in Estonia
For specific information, please check the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affair's website.
A Customs Guide for travellers to Estonia can be found at www.customs.ee.
National currency: 1 Euro = 100 cents. Most larger hotels, stores and restaurants accept Visa, MasterCard, Eurocard, Diner’s Club and American Express. However, it is advisable to carry some cash with you.
Traveller’s checks can be exchanged in most banks but are less likely to be accepted in shops. Eurocheque is the most widely accepted traveller’s check, but American Express and Thomas Cook are also accepted.
Banks are plentiful and easy to find in Tallinn. Most are open from 9:00 to 18:00 on weekdays, while some offices are also open on Saturday mornings. All banks offer currency exchange services. Exchange offices can also be found in larger hotels, the airport, harbour, railroad station and major shopping centres.
To call Tallinn from abroad, dial your international access code and 372 for Estonia and then the telephone number.
Calling abroad, dial 00 and the country code. The GSM mobile phone system is available; please check compatibility with your operator.
Public Internet access points have been set up all over Estonia. They are located in local libraries and post offices. There are over 100 free wireless Internet zones around the country, many of them in rather unexpected places - beaches, Old Town squares, stadiums, and concert halls. Find here a map of free Wi-Fi hotspots around Tallinn hosted by City of Tallinn.
For entry into Estonia no vaccinations or health certificates are required. Health insurance policy is optional.
Pharmacies are usually open from 10:00-19:00, but two of them stays open all night (Südameapteek - Tõnismägi 5, ph: +372 644 2282 and Vikerlase 16, ph: +372 638 4338)
Pharmacies in Shopping Centres are usually open from 9:00-21:00.
Ordinary medication is available in all pharmacies. In case of an accident or sudden illness, call for an ambulance free-of-charge from any phone: 112.
Free-of-charge call from any phone: 112.
The electricity current is 220 volts AC, 50 Hz, European-style 2-pin plugs are in use.